Ubwoko 5 Bwinshi Muburyo bwa CNC Imashini

Imashini ya CNC ni ijambo rusange rikoreshwa muburyo butandukanye bwo gutunganya."CNC" isobanura Computer Numerical Controlled kandi yerekeza kuri progaramu ishobora guterwa na mashini, ituma imashini ikora imirimo myinshi hamwe nubushobozi buke bwabantu.Gukora CNC ni uguhimba ibice ukoresheje imashini igenzurwa na CNC.Ijambo risobanura urutonde rwibikorwa byo gukuramo aho ibintu bivanwa mubikorwa, cyangwa akabari, kugirango bitange igice cyuzuye.Hariho ubwoko 5 busanzwe bwo gutunganya CNC bukorwa nubwoko 5 butandukanye bwimashini za CNC.

Izi nzira zikoreshwa mubikorwa byinshi murwego rwinganda zirimo ubuvuzi, ikirere, inganda, peteroli na gaze, hydraulics, imbunda, nibindi bikoresho bitandukanye birashobora kuba CNC ikozwe harimo ibyuma, plastike, ibirahuri, ibihimbano nibiti.

Imashini ya CNC itanga inyungu nyinshi mugukora nta bushobozi bwa programme bwa CNC.Kugabanya cyane ibihe byizunguruka, kunoza kurangiza nibintu byinshi birashobora kurangizwa icyarimwe kandi birashobora kunoza ubuziranenge no guhuzagurika.Nibisabwa muburyo buciriritse kandi buringaniye bisabwa aho bisobanutse neza kandi bigoye.

# 1 - Imashini ya CNC n'imashini zihinduranya

Imashini ya CNC hamwe nimashini zihinduranya zirangwa nubushobozi bwabo bwo kuzunguruka (guhinduranya) ibikoresho mugihe cyo gukora.Ibikoresho byo gukata kuri izo mashini bigaburirwa mumurongo ugana kumurongo uzunguruka;gukuramo ibikoresho bizengurutse kugeza diameter yifuzwa (nibiranga) igerweho.

Agace k'imisarani ya CNC ni imisarani ya CNC yo mu Busuwisi (ni ubwoko bwimashini Pioneer Service ikora).Hamwe na latine ya CNC yo mu Busuwisi, umurongo wibikoresho bizunguruka kandi unyerera unyuze mu cyerekezo cya bushing (uburyo bwo gufata) muri mashini.Ibi biratanga inkunga nziza kubikoresho nkimashini zikoresha ibikoresho biranga (bivamo kwihanganira neza / gukomera).

Imashini ya CNC hamwe nimashini zihinduranya zirashobora gukora ibintu byimbere ninyuma kubigize: umwobo wacukuwe, bores, broach, imyobo yahinduwe, uduce, gukanda, kanda hamwe nududodo.Ibigize bikozwe mumisarani ya CNC no guhinduranya ibigo birimo screw, bolts, shafts, poppets, nibindi.

# 2 - Imashini zisya CNC

Imashini zisya CNC zirangwa nubushobozi bwazo bwo guhinduranya ibikoresho byo gutema mugihe ufashe ibikoresho byakazi / guhagarika guhagarara.Bashobora kubyara imiterere itandukanye harimo gusya mu maso (kutareshya, hejuru yubuso hamwe nu mwobo mu kazi) hamwe no gusya kwa periferique (umwobo wimbitse nk'uduce n'udodo).

Ibice bikorerwa kumashini ya CNC mubisanzwe ni kare cyangwa ishusho y'urukiramende hamwe nibintu bitandukanye.

# 3 - Imashini ya Laser ya CNC

Imashini ya laser ya CNC ifite router yerekanwe hamwe na lazeri yibanda cyane ikoreshwa mugukata neza, gukata cyangwa gushushanya ibikoresho.Lazeri ishyushya ibikoresho ikayitera gushonga cyangwa guhumeka, bigatuma igabanuka mubintu.Mubisanzwe, ibikoresho biri muburyo bwurupapuro kandi urumuri rwa laser rugenda rusubira inyuma hejuru yibikoresho kugirango bikorwe neza.

Iyi nzira irashobora kubyara ibishushanyo mbonera kuruta imashini zisanzwe zo gukata (imisarani, ibigo bihinduranya, urusyo), kandi akenshi bitanga gukata no / cyangwa impande zidasaba ubundi buryo bwo kurangiza.

CNC laser ishushanya akenshi ikoreshwa mubice (no gushushanya) yibikoresho byakorewe.Kurugero, birashobora kugorana gukora ikirango nizina ryisosiyete muri CNC yahinduwe cyangwa CNC yasya.Nyamara, gushushanya lazeri birashobora gukoreshwa kugirango wongere ibi mubice na nyuma yo gukora imashini zirangiye.

# 4 - Imashini zisohora amashanyarazi ya CNC (EDM)

Imashini isohora amashanyarazi ya CNC (EDM) ikoresha amashanyarazi agenzurwa cyane kugirango akoreshe ibikoresho muburyo bwifuzwa.Irashobora kandi kwitwa spark eroding, gupfa kurohama, gutunganya imashini cyangwa gutwika insinga.

Ikintu gishyirwa munsi yumurongo wa electrode, hanyuma imashini igategurwa gusohora amashanyarazi ava mumashanyarazi atanga ubushyuhe bukabije (kugeza kuri dogere 21,000 Fahrenheit).Ibikoresho bishonga cyangwa bikajugunywa hamwe namazi kugirango habeho imiterere cyangwa ibiranga.

EDM ikoreshwa cyane mugukora mikoro itomoye neza, ibibanza, bifatanye cyangwa bifatanye nibindi bintu byinshi bigoye cyane mubice cyangwa mubikorwa.Ubusanzwe ikoreshwa mubyuma bikomeye cyane bigoye gukora imashini kumiterere cyangwa kubiranga.Urugero rwiza rwibi nibikoresho bisanzwe.

# 5 - Imashini zikata za CNC Plasma

Imashini ikata plasma ya CNC nayo ikoreshwa mugukata ibikoresho.Nyamara, bakora iki gikorwa bakoresheje plasma ifite ingufu nyinshi (electronique-ionized gaz) itwarwa na mudasobwa.Bisa nkibikorwa mumashanyarazi, gaze ikoreshwa na feri yo gusudira (kugeza kuri dogere 10,000 Fahrenheit), amatara ya plasma agera kuri dogere 50.000 Fahrenheit.Amashanyarazi ya plasma ashonga mubikorwa kugirango akore ibintu.

Nkibisabwa, igihe icyo aricyo cyose cyo gukata plasma ya CNC ikoreshwa, ibikoresho bigabanywa bigomba kuba bitwara amashanyarazi.Ibikoresho bisanzwe ni ibyuma, ibyuma bidafite ingese, aluminium, umuringa n'umuringa.

Gutunganya neza CNC bitanga ibintu byinshi byubushobozi bwo gukora kubice no kurangiza mubidukikije.Ukurikije ibidukikije byo gukoresha, ibikoresho bikenewe, kuyobora igihe, ingano, ingengo yimiterere nibisabwa, mubisanzwe hariho uburyo bwiza bwo gutanga ibisubizo byifuzwa.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Ukuboza-14-2021